Title I, Part A

Title I, Part A is a part of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 as amended by the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA).

This Act provides federal funds through the North Dakota Department of Public Instruction to districts and public schools with high numbers or percentages of low-income children to help ensure all children meet challenging state academic content and student academic achievement standards.

Comparability and Supplement, not Supplant

Title I law requires school districts with more than one school attendance area for each grade span to meet Title I comparability requirements. The schedule for reviewing comparability requirement at the state department has been moved from spring to winter, so that if we encounter problems with comparability reports, there is still time to make changes before the school year ends.
 
Title I comparability requirements state that a school district may receive Title I funds only if state and local funds will be used in schools receiving Title I funds to provide services that, taken as a whole, are at least comparable to services in schools that are not receiving Title I funds. If the district is serving all schools under Title I, they may receive Title I funds only if they will use state and local funds to provide services that, taken as a whole, are substantially comparable in each school.
 
The comparability regulations include documenting compliance in the following three areas:

  1. A local educational agency-wide salary schedule;
  2. Ensuring equivalence among schools in teachers, administrators, and other staff; and 
  3. Ensuring equivalence among schools in the provision of curriculum materials and instructional supplies.

Comparability reports are to be submitted and reviewed at the end of each school year. Meeting comparability is a prerequisite to receiving approval on your subsequent year’s consolidated application, which is processed during the summer. Demonstrating comparability is an annual requirement.
 
Previously, school districts were informed that they could develop and submit a policy to ensure that the comparability requirements were met on an annual basis. However, when the USDE released final fiscal guidance which addresses the comparability requirements and outlines new USDE expectations, the guidance states that all districts must actually perform the calculations necessary each and every year to demonstrate that all of its Title I schools are, in fact, comparable. Therefore, districts will need to submit actual documentation (not a policy) for each of the three comparability components listed above.

Comparability and Supplement not Supplant Guidance and Reports

ESSA Guidance
Targeting

Title I law requires local education agencies with total enrollment of 1,000 students or more and having more than one attendance area, to rank schools based on the percentage of poverty and allocated funds to eligible buildings according to the number of low income students in each building.

In order to be eligible for a Title I building allocation, a school must be at or above the district poverty percent. Schools below the district percent are not eligible for Title I funding.

Targeting Process and Guidance

Title I Eligibility

There are 4 levels of Title I grants: Basic, Concentration, Targeted and Education Finance Incentive Grants (EFIG). Each level has eligibility criteria that the school, Local Educational Agency (LEA) and/or state must met to qualify for the grant. The Title I funds are allocated through statutory formulas that are based primarily on census poverty estimates and the cost of education in the state.

Basic Grant

  • An LEA must have at least 10 poverty children and;
  • Poverty children must exceed 2 percent of the LEA's school age population (age 5-17).

Concentration Grant

  • An LEA must have at least 10 poverty children and;
  • Poverty children must be greater than 15 percent of the LEA's school age population (ages 5-17).

Targeted Grant

  • An LEA must have at least 10 poverty children and;
  • Poverty children must be at least 5 percent of the LEA's school age population (ages 5-17).

Education Finance Incentive Grants (EFIG)

  • A state must rank well in comparison to other states in its effort to provide financial support for education compared to its relative wealth as measured by its per capita income;
  • A state must rank well in comparison to other states in its degree to which education expenditures among LEAs within the state are equalized;
  • An LEA must have at least 10 poverty children;
  • Poverty children must be at least 5 percent of the LEAs school age population (ages 5-17) and;
  • An LEA must target the Title I funds schools with the highest percentages of children from low-income families and;
  • Schools must focus Title I services on children who are failing, or most at risk of failing, to meet state academic standards (unless a school is operating a schoolwide program*); and
  • An LEA also must use Title I funds to provide academic enrichment services to eligible children enrolled in private schools.

*Schools in which poverty children make up at least 40% of enrollment are eligible to use Title I funds for schoolwide programs that serve all children in the school.

Title I Schools and Non-Title Schools

Contact/Correspondence