School Safety/Security


Information on a wide variety of school safety topics which will provide schools with resources to maximize school safety and security.


During the 2019 North Dakota legislative session, SB 2181 was passed which expanded the definition of bullying set forth in North Dakota Century Code 15.1-19-17 to include cyberbullying occurring off school property.  As of August 1, 2019, all school districts must make the required changes to their bullying policy in compliance with the new law and file their revised policy with the Department of Public Instruction.

A school district shall: a) ensure that the policy is explained to and discussed with its students; b) file a copy with the Superintendent of Public Instruction (DPI) and amendments filed with DPI; and c) make the policy available in student and personnel handbooks. 

Bullying Resources

Each North Dakota public and nonpublic school shall conduct fire, tornado, and other emergency or disaster drills, including lockdown drills.  ND Century Code 15.1-06-12

Fire Drills in Schools

The International Fire Code (IFC) Section 405.1 First emergency evacuation drill states:  The first emergency evacuation drill of each school year shall be conducted within 10 days of the beginning of classes.  The ND Office of Attorney General, Fire Marshal Division, clarifies the IFC 2015 Edition, Chapter 4 requirements for fire and evacuation drills:  A minimum of at least four (4) dedicated fire drills must be conducted annually.  The ND State Fire Marshall may be contacted at (701) 328-5555 for further clarification or questions. 

Persistently Dangerous

The North Dakota Department of Public Instruction defined persistently dangerous schools and criteria for identification and guidance for student victims of criminal offenses with the expertise of statewide school administrators and partners as required by law in September 2017.

School Climate Assessments

School climate includes those critical common elements that influence student outcomes by establishing norms and expectations for behavior which create a positive culture for learning and academic growth.  School climate refers to the quality and character of school life.  School climate is based on patterns of students', parents' and school personnel's experience of school life and reflects norms, goals, values, interpersonal relationships, teaching and learning practices, and organizational structures. How students feel about being in school shapes learning and student development. Peer-reviewed educational research consistently demonstrates that a positive school climate is associated with academic achievement, effective risk prevention efforts and positive youth development.

School and classroom climate assessments address three overarching conceptual dimensions: relationships, personal growth and system maintenance and change; assessments can include formal or informal assessments or student and parent focus groups. Attention to school climate – physical, social and academic dimensions - result in improved student behavioral and emotional functioning (school connectedness, social and emotional learning) and, in turn, increase academic motivation and achievement.

Popular assessments of school climate include:

School Emergency and Crisis Plans

The Department of Public Instruction’s vision is to foster the social, emotional, and academic wellbeing of our youth. Children need to have a sense of belonging, know they are cared about, and that they are safe. Each day, our schools are entrusted to provide a safe and healthy learning environment for our school students in public and nonpublic schools. Families and communities expect schools to keep their children and youths from threats and hazards. In collaboration with their local government and community partners, schools must take steps to plan for these potential emergencies through the creation of a comprehensive school emergency operations plan.

If any local school district wishes to have an Emergency Operations Planning onsite assessment, they may contact North Dakota Safety Council at (701) 223-6372 or (800) 932-8890 or for a Critical Infrastructure Vulnerability Assessment, using an "all hazards" approach, contact either North Dakota Emergency Services at (701) 328-8165 or the North Dakota Protective Security Advisor at the US Department of Homeland Security at (701) 516-3940. 


School Resource Officers

The North Dakota Department of Public Instruction supports the critical role that School Resource Officers (SROs) have with many schools across the state. The ND SRO Association was developed in 2016 as a state member of the National Association of School Resource Officers (NASRO), the world’s leader in school-based policing. NDASRO is made up of officers all over the state of North Dakota who are dedicated to making schools and children safer by providing the highest quality training to school-based law enforcement officers.

School Safety Patrol

Statutory authority for the operation of school safety patrols throughout the state was given to school districts by the 1995 Legislative Assembly.  The purpose of the legislation was to establish a uniform system of protecting pupils from traffic hazards. Implementation of school safety patrols is optional at the local level.  

A school safety patrol manual is available for use by school administrators, school safety patrol supervisors, and safety committee members in local communities.  It is intended to assist in providing information concerning school safety patrol organization and operation.  The manual also contains the standards for operation of the school safety patrol required by North Dakota Century Code (NDCC) 15.1-19-11 and 15.1-19-12.  For an electronic copy, please contact the Office of Educational Equity and Support or call (701) 328-2753. 

Suspension Expulsion Truancy (SET)

The US Department of Education requires North Dakota Department of Public Instruction to annually report data on truancy rates, the frequency, seriousness, and incidence of violence and drug-related offenses resulting in suspensions and expulsions in all elementary, middle and secondary schools in the state. The information shall be reported to the State on a school-by-school basis. All public, non-public and BIE schools receiving Federal Title funds are required to file this report.

North Dakota Quick Stats Reports

Proposed Administrative Rules - Article 67-29 Armed First Responder Program

The Administrative Rules for Article 67-29 Armed First Responder Program are currently in daft form and are awaiting approval from the Legislative Council before they take effect, and public comments are currently being taken. Find a draft of the Administrative Rules for Article 67-29 Armed First Responder Program below.