ESSA specifies that state educational agencies identify for Comprehensive Support and Improvement (CSI) the lowest-performing schools, high schools with low graduation rates, and schools with chronically low-performing subgroups.

Method and Timeline

North Dakota selects schools with the highest proportion of struggling students for Comprehensive Support and Improvement every three years*. NDDPI works with school improvement teams and its leaders to develop a customized approach to address areas in need of improvement.

*Disclaimer: Due to a USED waiver issued in March 2020 as a result of the pandemic, states were allowed to pause accountability and the use of 2019-2020 and 2020-2021 data for identification purposes. Therefore, North Dakota is unable to fulfill the part of its ESSA plan that requires “three years of consecutive underperformance” when selecting schools for TSI/CSI. However, the USED required states to resume accountability in 2021-2022, and states were instructed to run accountability to ensure that schools that are underperforming compared to other schools in the state receive the support and resources needed to make improvements. The NDDPI utilized data from 2021-2022 and 2022-2023 to determine identification and to rank schools based on one or two years of underperformance and/or several subgroups performing below the highest-performing CSI school. The NDDPI will be able to fully implement its ESSA plan as written in the fall of 2025.

Identification Criteria

Schools must meet the following criteria:

  1. The lowest-performing 5% of all Title I schools in the state (based on the performance of the accountability framework over no more than three years)
  2. All public high schools (Title I or non-Title I) that graduate less than 67%
  3. Any school that was identified as Targeted Support and Improvement (TSI) and did not meet exit criteria after three consecutive years

Supports and Interventions

Schools selected are awarded school improvement grants for three consecutive years to implement evidence-based strategies and build local capacity to sustain improvement efforts. The following schools are currently identified as CSI schools:

CSI Schools Based on 2021-2022 Accountability Data

School District Grade Span Grant Allocation Improvement Strategies  Title I Status Enrollment
Bowbells Elementary School Bowbells 14 0K-06 $60,000 Para, PD Targeted Assistance 49
Dickinson Middle School Dickinson 1 06-08 $75,000 Literacy training, RTI, student engagement Schoolwide 842
Drayton Elementary School Drayton 19 PK-08 $60,000 PD anchor standards and proficiency scales, Pd writing, PD math, technology Targeted Assistance 130
Dunseith Elementary School Dunseith 1 PK-06 $60,000 PD anchor standards and proficiency scales, Pd writing, PD math, technology Schoolwide 244
Dunseith High School Dunseith 1 07-12 $67,500 Staff stipends, PD, Elliot and McMahon, books, promethean board, Chromebooks Schoolwide 303
Jefferson Elementary School Fargo 1 0K-05 $60,000 Salary for teacher-led projects, Schools Cubed contract Schoolwide 378
Four Winds Community High School Ft Totten 30 09-12 $60,000 Cognia, teacher stipends, Elliot McMahon Consultant Schoolwide 181
Fort Yates Middle School Ft Yates 4 05-08 $60,000 Teacher stipends, Ed Direction, Cognia, MTSS Schoolwide 44
Valley Middle School Grand Forks 1 06-08 $67,500 Lavinia contract Schoolwide 513
Mandaree Elementary School Mandaree 36 0K-08 $60,000 Consultant, curriculum Schoolwide 134
Oberon Elementary School Oberon 16 0K-08 $60,000 Updating curriculum (Reading, math, science, social studies) Schoolwide 45
Selfridge Elementary School Selfridge 8 0K-06 $60,000 Consultant  Schoolwide 34
Cannon Ball Elementary School Solen 3 PK-06 $60,000 Leadership stipends, LANES consulting, supplies Schoolwide 132
Warwick Elementary School Warwick 29 PK-04 $60,000 Coach through First Nations and NESC Schoolwide 92
Warwick Middle School Warwick 29 05-08 $60,000 Coach through First Nations and NESC Schoolwide 64


CSI Grant Cycle and Allocation:

School Improvement Grant Cycle and Allocations

CSI Grant Funding Period: September 1, 2022 - June 30, 2025 (yearly contract with continuing renewal)

Additionally, the NDDPI will provide support and interventions for schools selected using a multifaceted approach: 

  • All schools are provided guidance and support including training on requirements and opportunities, and a Coaching Liaison to provide technical assistance
  • NDDPI partners with the North Dakota Regional Education Associations (NDREAs) to support schools
    • This partnership provides an opportunity for identified schools to receive assistance with federal requirements, which includes coaching, professional development, evidence-based instructional strategies, data-based decision-making, and ongoing support to meet improvement goals using the School Renewal Guide
    • Watch this three-minute video for an overview of the Improvement Science approach that North Dakota is implementing: Improvement Science: A Key to Success in Your Schools - YouTube
  • Schools receive priority points for NDDPI-sponsored opportunities

Additional Requirements

  • School board and superintendent participation in the Be Legendary School Board Institute 
  • Quarterly Claims/Status Reports on funding support
  • Increased scrutiny of State and Federal monitoring and required reports

Exit Criteria

A school may exit CSI status upon achieving:

  • Scores that are above the bottom 5% of Title I schools for three consecutive years
  • A graduation rate that is 67% or higher for three consecutive years
  • Success in meeting established interim goals for three consecutive years for both academic achievement and graduation rates

Schools identified for more than one cycle are subject to more rigorous interventions, per Senate Bill 2254

Additional Information