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Duties and Responsibilities

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State troopers are responsible for the following:

  • Provide service to motorists using the North Dakota highway system by patrolling and being visible.
  • Reduce traffic crashes through education and enforcement; professionally investigate crashes.
  • Impact alcohol abuse, DUIs and underage consumption through enforcement, commitment and teamwork.
  • Enforce laws on public highways and all state property.
  • Enforce laws, safety rules and regulations to include hazardous material requirements involving motor carriers.
  • Locate stolen vehicles and investigate the title and registration.
  • Effect an arrest, forcibly if necessary, using handcuffs and other restraints. Subdue resisting suspects using maneuvers and weapons, and resort to the use of hands and feet and other approved weapons in self-defense.
  • Prepare investigative and other reports, including sketches, using legible handwriting, appropriate grammar, symbols and mathematical computations.
  • Conduct investigations: gather, properly document, maintain chain of custody and submit evidence for analysis.
  • Interpret evidence; prepare written reports for states’ attorneys, prosecutors and others. 
  • Exercise independent judgment to determine a reasonable suspicion to detain, when probable cause exists, to search and arrest and when force may be used and to what degree.
  • Operate a law enforcement vehicle during day and night; in emergency situations involving speeds in excess of posted limits, in congested traffic and in unsafe road conditions caused by fog, smoke, rain, ice, snow and blizzard conditions.
  • Communicate effectively and coherently over law enforcement radio channels while initiating and responding to radio communications.
  • Gather information in criminal investigations by interviewing and obtaining the statements of victims, witnesses, suspects and confidential informers.
  • Pursue fleeing suspects and perform rescue operations thatmay involve quickly entering and exiting patrol vehicles; lifting, carrying and dragging heavy objects; climbing over and pulling up oneself over obstacles; jumping down from elevated surfaces; climbing through openings; jumping over obstacles, ditches and streams; crawling in confined areas; balancing on uneven or narrow surfaces and using body force to gain entrance through barriers.
  • Load, unload, aim and fire from a variety of body positions handguns, shotguns, and other agency firearms under conditions of stress that justify the use of deadly force and at levels of proficiency prescribed in certification standards.
  • Perform searches of people, vehicles, buildings and large outdoor areas that may involve feeling and detecting objects, walking for long periods of time, detaining people and stopping suspicious vehicles and persons.
  • Communicate effectively with people of all ages by giving information and directions, mediating disputes and advising of rights and processes.
  • Demonstrate communication skills in court and other formal settings.
  • Detect and collect evidence and substances that provide the basis of criminal offenses and infractions and that indicate the presence of dangerous conditions.
  • Deal with people's hostile views and opinions in antagonistic environments.
  • Perform rescue functions at crashes, emergencies and disasters to include directing traffic for long periods of time, administering emergency medical aid, lifting, dragging and carrying people away from dangerous situations and securing and evacuating people from particular areas.
  • Process and transport prisoners and committed mental patients using handcuffs and other appropriate restraints.
  • Put on and operate a gas mask in situations where chemical munitions are being deployed.
  • Extinguish small fires with a fire extinguisher and other appropriate means.
  • Read and comprehend legal and non-legal documents, including prepararing and processing citations, affidavits and warrants.