May 2017

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Determining Teacher Effectiveness

The North Dakota State Plan to Ensure Equitable Access to Excellent Educators (August 28, 2015) is a plan to ensure that every student in every school is taught by an excellent educator. Historically, North Dakota has had minimal gaps statewide among its schools with regard to the extent that poor and minority students are taught by inexperienced, unqualified, or out-of-field teachers. North Dakota has summarized the equity gaps in this report that currently exist and has provided charts that reflect the data available.
With the passing of Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), states will be required to report on and assure high poverty and high minority schools are not taught by inexperienced, out-of-field, and ineffective teachers at higher rates. Collecting data on ineffective teachers is a new concept in North Dakota. Determining how to measure this has been a challenge. After researching and discussing different options, the North Dakota ESSA committee established a method that identifies ineffective teaching rather than ineffective teachers. This method will use the Teacher Evaluation Models currently implemented in each school. The North Dakota ESSA plan (section 5.3 on page 73 and Appendix K on page 120) provides more details on how ineffective teaching will be determined.
The North Dakota Department of Public Instruction will begin collecting data through the STARS system in the fall of 2017. Data collection will include teacher evaluation results based on the 2016-2017 school year. School administrators can begin preparing for data input on ineffective teachers by assuring all 2016-2017 teacher evaluations are complete using their approved teacher evaluation model. Data input that will be collected in the STARS system includes:
  1. Teacher Evaluation Model Used
  2. Number of Teachers Evaluated
  3. Number of Elements/Components Implemented and Evaluated
  4. Number of Level Zero and One Ratings Overall for the School
  5. Number of Level Two Ratings Overall for the School
  6. Number of Level Three Ratings Overall for the School
  7. Number of Level Four Ratings Overall for the School
If you have any questions on this, please contact Gail Schauer at or (701) 328-2755.