The basis behind evidence-based research is that some schools have been implementing lessons, materials, and curriculum that have been proven ineffective. In response to this, the federal government has addressed this issue under ESSA. ESSA supports the use of evidenced research that instructional materials or programs used in schools.
What is evidence based? When an instructional program or practice is evidence based, there must be consistent and reliable evidence that the particular program or practice has been proven effective.
The definition of evidence based is research that involves the application of rigorous, systematic, and objective procedures to obtain reliable and valid knowledge relevant to education activities and programs. This includes research that:
- Employs systematic, empirical methods;
- Involves rigorous data analyses;
- Relies on measurements that provide reliable and valid data;
- Uses experimental or quasi-experimental designs;
- Ensures that studies are clear and detailed to allow for replication; and
- Has been reviewed or accepted by independent experts.
What does this mean for Title I?
Title I paid staff who provide instruction in reading and/or math, as well as all staff teaching in a schoolwide program, must use instructional strategies and methods that are evidence based.
- All Title I programs, both targeted assistance and schoolwide, must use instructional strategies and methods that are evidence based.
- All schools who receive Title I funds must provide documentation as to how the programs and strategies they employ are evidence based.