Overview of the Reform Models Under SIG

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The America Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), enacted by President Obama in February 2009, set aside funds under the School Improvement Grant (SIG). The goal of SIG is to dramatically transform school culture and increase student outcomes in each state’s persistently lowest-achieving schools, including secondary schools, through robust and comprehensive reforms.
Each state is required to identify schools in Tiers I, II, and III that are eligible to receive SIG funding. LEAs then identify the Tier I and II schools that they want to transform, and determine which of school intervention models is most suited to meet the needs of the school and the resources available to the LEA. Listed below is a summary of the models identified in the law:
Turnaround Model:
Replace principal and at least 50% of the staff, adopt new governance, and implement a new or revised instructional program.

Restart Model:
Close the school and restart it under the management of a charter school operator, a charter management organization (CMO), or an educational management organization (EMO). A restart school must admit, within the grades it serves, any former student who wishes to attend.

Close/Consolidate Model:
Close the school and enroll the students who attended the school in other, higher-performing schools in the LEA.

Transformation Model:
  • Replace the principal
  • Develop teacher and leader effectiveness
  • Comprehensive instructional programs using student achievement data
  • Extend learning time and create community-oriented schools
  • Provide operating flexibility and intensive support
State-Determined Model:
The North Dakota Department of Public Instruction encourages qualifying schools to adopt the state determined model, using proven components, outlined in the North Dakota School Success Model. Schools applying for the state-determined model must include specific details in the SIG application which clearly outlines each of the following components below:
  • Ensure Effective Teachers and Empowered Leaders,
  • Ensure Comprehensive Instructional Reform,
  • Expand Learning Opportunities,
  • Demonstrate Meaningful Family and Community Engagement, and
  • Provide Operational Flexibility and Sustained Support.
Evidence-Based, Whole-School Reform Model:
An evidence-based, whole-school reform model is a model that is designed to:
  • Improve student academic achievement or attainment;
  • Be implemented for all students in a school; and
  • Address, at a minimum and in a comprehensive and coordinated manner, each of the following:
  • School leadership,
  • Teaching and learning in at least one full academic content area (including professional learning for educators),
  • Student non-academic support, and
  • Family and community engagement.
Early Learning Model:
An LEA that selects this model must:
  • Offer full-day kindergarten,
  • Establish or expand a high-quality preschool program,
  • Provide educators, including preschool teachers, with joint planning time, and
  • Implement additional requirements that are the same as the transformation model (except no requirement for increased learning time).
For More Information on the SIG Models:
Notice of Final Requirements and FY 2015/2016 SIG Application: http://www2.ed.gov/programs/sif/index.html
Updated Frequently Asked Questions/SIG Guidance: http://www2.ed.gov/programs/sif/legislation.html 
The Center on School Turnaround: http://centeronschoolturnaround.org/