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FAQ Articles

Who is eligible for the "homestead" property tax credit?

The homestead credit is a property tax relief program for qualifying homeowners and renters who are age 65 or older (unless the applicant is permanently and totally disabled) in the year for which the application is made. For a husband and wife who are living together, only one may apply for the homeowner's credit or renter's refund. Only the spouse applying for the credit or refund need to be 65 years of age or older.

The applicant's income, plus the income of a spouse and any dependents, may not exceed $42,000 for the calendar year preceding the assessment date. The applicant must consider income from all sources, which includes, but is not limited to, social security benefits, pensions, salaries, unemployment benefits, dividends, interest, net gains from the sale of property, net rental income and net profit from any business, including ranching and farming. Life insurance death proceeds paid to a surviving spouse or dependent are not included as income under this act. Medical expenses actually paid during the year are deductible from income if not compensated for by insurance or otherwise.

Additional requirements for homeowners:

  • A homeowner must reside on and have an interest in the property for which the credit is claimed.
  • The applicant's assets may not exceed $500,000, including the market value of the homestead and the value of any assets gifted or otherwise divested within the last three years.
  • No person shall qualify to receive the property tax credit if the homestead is rented while the owner is temporarily absent or the homestead is a farm structure which is exempt from taxation.
  • The tax credit will reduce the taxable value of the homestead on a sliding scale depending upon the income of the applicant.
  • Application for the credit is filed with the local assessor or county director of tax equalization by February 1 (or as soon thereafter as possible) in the year in which your property is assessed and for which the credit is requested.
  • The property tax credit is subject to adjustment, equalization and abatement in the same manner as other real property assessments.
  • In the event of the applicant's death, all benefits terminate at the end of the taxable year.

Additional requirements for renters:

  • No refund may be made to a person who pays rent or fees for any living quarters, including nursing homes, that are exempt from property taxation and for which payment in lieu of property taxes is not made.
  • Heat, water, lights, telephone or furniture costs may not be considered as part of rent costs. If the landlord pays for these items, the cost of these items must be deducted from the rent when applying for a refund. If utilities and furniture are paid by the renter, the cost of these items may not be added to the rent when applying for a refund.
  • The amount of refund is based upon rent paid and income of the applicant. A refund is issued for the amount that 20 percent of annual rent exceeds four percent of annual income. The refund may not be greater than $400.
  • Application for a renter refund is filed with the Office of State Tax Commissioner before June 1 following the year for which the refund is claimed. Extensions of time may be allowed for good cause.

nd.gov - The Official Portal for North Dakota State Government
North Dakota: Legendary. Follow the trail of legends

Ryan Rauschenberger
Tax Commissioner
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FAQ Articles

Who is eligible for the "homestead" property tax credit?

The homestead credit is a property tax relief program for qualifying homeowners and renters who are age 65 or older (unless the applicant is permanently and totally disabled) in the year for which the application is made. For a husband and wife who are living together, only one may apply for the homeowner's credit or renter's refund. Only the spouse applying for the credit or refund need to be 65 years of age or older.

The applicant's income, plus the income of a spouse and any dependents, may not exceed $42,000 for the calendar year preceding the assessment date. The applicant must consider income from all sources, which includes, but is not limited to, social security benefits, pensions, salaries, unemployment benefits, dividends, interest, net gains from the sale of property, net rental income and net profit from any business, including ranching and farming. Life insurance death proceeds paid to a surviving spouse or dependent are not included as income under this act. Medical expenses actually paid during the year are deductible from income if not compensated for by insurance or otherwise.

Additional requirements for homeowners:

  • A homeowner must reside on and have an interest in the property for which the credit is claimed.
  • The applicant's assets may not exceed $500,000, including the market value of the homestead and the value of any assets gifted or otherwise divested within the last three years.
  • No person shall qualify to receive the property tax credit if the homestead is rented while the owner is temporarily absent or the homestead is a farm structure which is exempt from taxation.
  • The tax credit will reduce the taxable value of the homestead on a sliding scale depending upon the income of the applicant.
  • Application for the credit is filed with the local assessor or county director of tax equalization by February 1 (or as soon thereafter as possible) in the year in which your property is assessed and for which the credit is requested.
  • The property tax credit is subject to adjustment, equalization and abatement in the same manner as other real property assessments.
  • In the event of the applicant's death, all benefits terminate at the end of the taxable year.

Additional requirements for renters:

  • No refund may be made to a person who pays rent or fees for any living quarters, including nursing homes, that are exempt from property taxation and for which payment in lieu of property taxes is not made.
  • Heat, water, lights, telephone or furniture costs may not be considered as part of rent costs. If the landlord pays for these items, the cost of these items must be deducted from the rent when applying for a refund. If utilities and furniture are paid by the renter, the cost of these items may not be added to the rent when applying for a refund.
  • The amount of refund is based upon rent paid and income of the applicant. A refund is issued for the amount that 20 percent of annual rent exceeds four percent of annual income. The refund may not be greater than $400.
  • Application for a renter refund is filed with the Office of State Tax Commissioner before June 1 following the year for which the refund is claimed. Extensions of time may be allowed for good cause.

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