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Navigation BulletAbout the Department
Navigation BulletField Seed Program
Navigation Spacer- Seed Certification
Navigation Spacer- Eligibility
Navigation SpacerRequirements

Navigation Spacer- Standards
Navigation Spacer- Field Inspection
Navigation Spacer- Final Certification
Navigation Spacer- Certification of
Navigation SpacerBlends & Mixtures

Navigation Spacer- Handling Bulk
Navigation SpacerCertified Seed

Navigation Spacer- Custom Programs
Navigation Spacer- Quality Assurance
Navigation SpacerProgram

Navigation Spacer- Quality Assurance
Navigation SpacerGuidelines

Navigation Spacer- Identity Preserved
Navigation SpacerPrograms

Navigation Spacer- Pre-Variety
Navigation SpacerGermaplasm
Navigation SpacerCertification

Navigation Spacer- Approved Conditioners
Navigation Spacer- Conditioning
Navigation SpacerCertified Seed

Navigation Spacer- Certified Seed
Navigation SpacerConditioning
Navigation SpacerRequirements

Navigation Spacer- Bulk Retail Facilities
Navigation Spacer- Bulk Seed Sales
Navigation Spacer- Certified Bulk
Navigation SpacerSeed Requirements
Navigation Spacer- Fees
Navigation Spacer- Certification Fees
Navigation Spacer- Research Fees
Navigation Spacer- Field Seed Links
Navigation BulletPotato Program
Navigation BulletRegulatory Program
Navigation BulletDiagnostic Lab
Navigation BulletSeed Lab
Navigation BulletFees
Navigation BulletDeadlines
Navigation BulletNews
Navigation BulletContacts

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Field Seed Photos: Wheat, Seedling, Inspection, HarvestingGraphical Spacer

Completing Final Certification


Passing the field inspection alone does not mean the end of the certification process. Field inspection is just the first step in producing a quality certified seed product. In order to be labeled as certified seed, all field-inspected seed must be cleaned to remove impurities and then tested at the department’s Seed Lab to determine whether the seed meets the minimum seed standards for the crop and class. Once the seed lot passes, then it may be labeled as certified seed.

Testing Prior to Conditioning
In order to determine whether the additional investment in conditioning is justified, growers should submit a sample of their field-inspected seed for germination and disease testing. Samples should be cleaned with a hand sieve or mini-mill to approximate the quality after conditioning. The results of the pre-germ and disease tests may be used for final certification or another sample may be submitted following conditioning.

Due to their susceptibility to damage from handling, pre-germ tests cannot be used for final certification on fragile crops such as soybeans, edible beans, and field peas. Germination tests on these crops must be done following conditioning.

Conditioning
Growers have a number of conditioning and marketing options available to them depending on their marketing skills and the level of management and handling they desire. Keep in mind that certified seed is a value-added product and each level of management adds value, and those that perform those tasks will extract some of that value for the services they perform. All field-inspected seed that is to be labeled must be conditioned and must meet minimum seed standards for the crop and class.

Testing
Testing requirements vary by crop, but in general, all crops must be tested for germination and purity. For some crops, additional tests such as seed count or disease tests to check for seed-borne pathogens may be required for certification or labeling. See ND Seed Certification Standards for specific requirements for each crop. All tests are conducted by accredited lab technicians according to the rules of the Association of Official Seed Analysts (AOSA).

Re-testing
Under certain circumstances, re-sampling and re-testing of a seed lot is permitted. If the seed lot has not undergone additional conditioning, final test results shall be determined as follows:
If the seed lot has been reconditioned to remove impurities, a new germination test, purity analysis and seed count (if required for that crop) is required.

Official Samples
Test results on official samples collected by department personnel shall supersede all other test results from any sample submitted.

Seed Lab      Diagnostic Lab

Labeling
Proper labeling is the final step in the final certification process. Once a seed lot has passed grading, certified seed bulk certificates or tags will be issued to the labeler listed on the Sampler’s Report. The responsibility for properly labeling Foundation, Registered or Certified seed rests with the initial labeler. The initial labeler is also responsible for the payment of all research fees.
Foundation or Registered class seed

To be eligible for recertification, bulk Foundation or Registered seed must be sold directly to the consumer by
After final certification has been completed, only one (1) physical transfer of bulk Foundation or Registered seed is permitted to ensure the purity and identity of the seed.

Certified class seed
Certified seed may be sold in bulk by:
After final certification has been completed, a maximum of two (2) physical transfers are permitted:
Certified Blends

A blend is a controlled mixture of varieties, each of which exceeds 5% of the total. Blends must be registered with the State Seed Department. In order for a blend to be labeled as certified the following information is required:
Documented proof must be provided for the last two requirements. Variety names of each component is not required to be on the label, but may be listed if desired. 

For more information on labeling see the Regulatory Program.
 
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