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Medicare supplement Q&A
Why was the model for the standard Medigap insurance policies revised?
The Medicare Modernization Act (MMA) encouraged the National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC) to modernize the Medigap insurance marketplace. The NAIC's Senior Issues Task Force developed a revised Medigap model law and regulation. Then on July 15, 2008, Congress enacted the Medicare Improvements for Patients and Providers Act (MIPPA) that authorized the states to put the NAIC's changes into effect. Congress saw that Medigap insurance had not kept up with some of Medicare's changes. For more information, visit http://bit.ly/akYa9A.
Where do the standards for Medicare Supplement (Medigap) insurance originate?
Before 1990, Medigap insurance policies were not standardized in many states. This made it hard for people to compare how one plan or another filled the various gaps in Medicare coverage. Through the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (OBRA) of 1990, Congress directed the National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC) to develop a model law and regulation that required all Medigap insurers to offer a standardized core plan (known as plan A) and that allowed companies to sell up to nine additional standard plans (Plans B - J). The Medicare Modernization Act (MMA) of 2003 added plans K and L to the array of standard plans, effective on Jan. 1, 2006.
Except for policies sold in Massachusetts, Minnesota and Wisconsin, the NAIC model for 10 standard plans applied to all Medigap policies sold after Nov. 5, 1991. The NAIC now refers to these plans as 1990 plans to distinguish them from the 2010 plans that conform to revised standards that took effect June 1, 2010.
What did these revisions change in 2010?
When did the changes to the model standards for Medigap insurance take effect?
- They eliminated Medigap Plans E, H, I, J and high-deductible Plan J.
- They eliminated the preventive care and at-home recovery benefits that have been available since 1990. The preventive care benefit in Plans E and J pays up to $120 per year for health screening exams. This benefit became outdated as Medicare added screening procedures for breast cancer, cervical cancer, colorectal cancer, and prostate cancer to its coverage. The at-home recovery benefit, available in Plans D, G, I and J, was underutilized and outdated.
- They eliminated the Plan G benefit that paid 80 percent of the excess charge, increasing it to 100 percent, when providers do not accept assignment in Part B.
- They created two new Medigap plans, Plans M and N (see below).
- They added a new Part A hospice cost-sharing benefit to the core benefit of all 2010 plans. It covers the five percent coinsurance charge for drugs and respite care.
What stayed the same?
- Sept. 24, 2009 was the deadline for states to adopt the new standards. Marketing starts after state regulators approve the insurers' forms and rates.
- June 1, 2010 was the earliest effective date for the new 2010 Medigap plans. Policies written under the earlier standards (1990 plans) cannot be sold on or after June 1, 2010. The 1990 plans, however, continue to be guaranteed renewable.
What are the new Medigap plans for 2010 and beyond?
- Core benefit: A core or basic benefit, including full coverage for the Part A daily inpatient hospital coinsurance charges, all costs of hospital care after the Medicare benefit is used up, Part B coinsurance charges, the first three pints of blood and now the Part A hospice coinsurance charges for palliative drugs and respite care, is offered through Medigap Plan A. Plans B, C, D, F, G and M contain this core benefit and cover other gaps. Plans K, L and N must cover at least part of these basic benefit coverage gaps.
- Part B coinsurance charge for preventive care: All plans cover 100 percent of any coinsurance charge that applies to Part B covered preventive care services.
- Part A hospital deductible: Six Medigap plans cover the Part A deductible ($1,100 in 2010) in full at the start of a new benefit period. Plan L covers 75 percent. Plans K and M cover half.
- Part B excess charge: Full coverage of the excess charge for providers who do not accept assignment on Part B claims is offered in Plans F and G.
- Foreign travel emergency: This benefit, subject to its own $250 deductible, is part of Plans C, D, F, G, M and N.
- SNF coinsurance charges: Six plans cover 100 percent of the skilled nursing facility (SNF) daily coinsurance charge. Plan K covers 50 percent; Plan L covers 75 percent.
- Part B deductible: Plans C and F cover the annual Part B deductible ($155 in 2010).
What happens to beneficiaries who have Medigap policies that were in effect prior to June 1, 2010?
- Plan M: The plan covers 50 percent of the Part A inpatient hospital deductible. It does not cover the Part B deductible. It also fully covers the core benefit and SNF daily coinsurance charges. It also has the foreign travel emergency benefit.
- Plan N: The plan has 100 percent coverage for the Part A inpatient deductible. It does not cover the Part B deductible. Plan N's coverage for the Part B coinsurance charge is subject to a new copayment structure with co-pays of up to $20 for office visits and up to $50 for emergency room visits.
- They do not have to make any changes, and their coverage remains in effect as long as they pay premiums. The 1990 policies may, however, become more expensive over time as the number of policy holders declines.
- The NAIC's model regulation allows for, but does not require, companies to offer existing policyholders an opportunity to switch to one of the new policies without medical underwriting.