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North Dakota Industrial Commission
Lignite Research, Development and Marketing Program
State Capitol, 14th Floor, 600 E Boulevard Ave. Dept. 405
Bismarck, ND 58505-0840
Phone: 701-328-3722 Fax: 701-328-2820
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Lignite Research, Development and Marketing Program

Lignite Marketing Feasibility Studies:
Two Sentence Summaries
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LMFS-1: "Lignite Marketing Feasibility Study": Program Funding: $180,605; Objective: To perform a lignite market assessment scooping study. The goal of this project is the recommendation of a strategy and implementation plan to facilitate lignite development.

LMFS-3: "Lignite Upgrading Feasibility Study": Program Funding: $100,000; Objective: To evaluate current and emerging national and international lignite upgrading technologies and determine which could be used with North Dakota lignite. The goal of this project is to make North Dakota lignite more competitive.

LMFS-4: "Lignite Transportation Study": Program Funding: $51,459; Objective: To estimate the costs of shipping an upgraded North Dakota lignite to potential users in Europe and the Great Lakes area. The goal of this project is the development of a new market for North Dakota lignite.

LMFS-5: "Upgraded Lignite Market Assessment Study": Program Funding: $35,000; Objective: To identify specific potential purchasers of upgraded North Dakota lignite and to estimate future demand for upgraded lignite. The goal of this project is the development and expansion of North Dakota lignite markets.

LMFS-6: "Lignite Energy Conversion Technology Study": Program Funding: $90,000; Objective: To evaluate current and emerging national and international lignite coal combustion technologies and determine which technologies could be economically utilized to take advantage of the unique properties of North Dakota lignite and offer a high probability for rapid commercialization. The goal of this project is make North Dakota lignite more competitive.

LMFS-7: "Lignite Generation Transmission Study": Program Funding: $32,000; Objective: To determine the point (with respect to added generation) at which electricity exports from North Dakota will begin to be limited by transmission capacity and assess increased capacity and reduced cost options. The goal of this project is new market development resulting in increased lignite use.

LMFS-8: "Lignite Niche Market Study": Program Funding: $89,900; Objective: To evaluate current and emerging national and international technologies for producing specialty products from coal and find which one can be used with North Dakota lignite. The goal of this project is the development and expansion of North Dakota lignite markets.

LMFS-9: "Business Incentive for Lignite Generation": Program Funding: $17,328; Objective: To provide a quantitative comparison of the effectiveness of business development incentives available in North Dakota and surrounding states for new and expanded electrical power generation. The goal of this project is to identify incentives that, if enacted, would increase the use of North Dakota lignite.

LMFS-10: "Development of Lignite Niche Market Opportunities": Program Funding: $45,000; Objective: To carry out planning and marketing efforts to develop specialty products derived from lignite. The goal of this project is the development of new markets for North Dakota lignite.

LMFS-11: "Byproduct Marketing Study - Catechols and Naphthols": Program Funding: $40,000; Objective: Market research to understand and identify factors which affect the global market for catechols and naphthols. The goal of this project is the development of new markets for North Dakota lignite.

LMFS-12: "Upgraded Lignite Performance Testing": Program Funding: $74,951; Objective: To assess the impact of upgraded lignite as a blending stock in existing utility power plants. The goal of this project is to develop detailed information of the actual behavior of upgraded North Dakota lignite fuel blends under commercial utility boiler conditions with the intent being increased use.

LMFS-94-13: "Activated Carbonaceous Adsorbents - A Production and Testing Study": Program Funding: $32,725; Objective: To demonstrate the potassium hydroxide mediated extrusion technique for production of activated carbon and to characterize test samples. The goal of this project is the development of a new market for North Dakota lignite.

LMFS-94-14: "Activated Carbonaceous Adsorbents - A Production and Testing Study Stage II": Program Funding: $39,700; Objective: To demonstrate the Coal Technology Corporation two-stage pyrolysis technique for production of activated carbon and to characterize test samples. The goal of the project is the development of a new market for North Dakota lignite.

LMFS-94-15: "Upgraded North Dakota Lignite - Production of Test Quantities": Program Funding: $30,000; Objective: To produce quantities of upgraded lignite for use in combustion testing. The goal of this project is the development of a market for upgraded North Dakota lignite.

LMFS-94-16: "Studies and Strategies in Appeal of Minnesota Interim Externality Values": Program Funding: $75,000; Objective: To develop information and expert witnesses in support of the effort to challenge the use of externality values applied on North Dakota lignite. The goal of this project is to avoid unwarranted taxes placed on lignite-generated electricity.

LMFS-94-18: "Chemical Markets for Catechols": Program Funding: $12,000; Objective: To survey potential markets for catechol, 3-methyl catechol and 4-methyl catechol. The goal of this project is to develop additional markets for byproducts from the Dakota Gasification Company Synfuels Plant.

LMFS-19: "Upgraded ND Lignite Stoker Boiler Test Burn": Program Funding: $50,000; Objective: To perform a test burn of lignite in a spreader stoker industrial application. The goal was to demonstrate the use of SynCoal derived from ND lignite in an industrial boiler. This project was withdrawn.

LMFS-96-20: "Lignite Energy Marketing Plan - Proposal Development Study": Program Funding: $5,110; Objective: To assist in the preparation of the Lignite Energy Marketing Plan Proposal.

LMFS-96-21: "Lignite Energy Marketing Plan - Regional Marketing Plan": Program Funding: $190,000; Objective: To develop a regional marketing plan and to assist in obtaining co-funding support.

LMFS-96-22: "A Survey: Mercury Emission from North Dakota Lignite-Fired Power Plants": Program Funding: $44,940; Objective: To conduct a comprehensive literature search of available scientific information on the emission, transport and deposition of mercury from lignite-fired power plants; to prepare an analysis of published data; and to provide recommendations of further study needs.

LMFS-96-23: "A Survey of Health Effects: Mercury Emissions from North Dakota Lignite-Fired Power Plants": Program Funding: $90,231; Objective: To conduct a comprehensive literature search of available scientific information on health effects from airborne mercury emission; to prepare an analysis of published data; and to provide recommendations of further study needs.

LMFS-97-24: "Mercury Facts Bulletin: Mercury and the Environment": Program Funding: $10,000; Objective: To prepare a brochure based on information obtained in LMFS-96-22 and LMFS-96-23; to publish the brochure; and to make the brochure available to interested parties.

LMFS-97-25: "Intermediates and Derivatives from Phenol": Program Funding: $30,000; Objective: To obtain marketing information on chemical intermediates and derivatives produced from phenol. The goal of this project is to develop additional markets for byproducts from the Dakota Gasification Company Synfuels Plant.

LMFS-98-26: "Analysis of Kyoto Protocol's Impact on Agricultural Production in Minnesota, North Dakota, and South Dakota": Program Funding: $27,200; Objective: To assess the economic impact of the Kyoto Protocol on agriculture economics by major commodities in Minnesota, North Dakota and South Dakota.

LMFS-98-28: "Update to The Lignite Marketing Feasibility Study - Sinor '92": Program Funding: $50,000; Objective: To complete a comprehensive review of factors affecting the present and future of the lignite industry; and to provide an update of the 1992 Lignite Marketing Feasibility Study by J. E. Sinor.

LMFS-99-29: "Technical Evaluation of Rammed Earth Building Products": Program Funding: $35,800; Objective: To determine design mix, structural, thermal and environmental performance of the rammed earth adobe and perform a preliminary market potential for rammed earth construction using lignite ash byproducts in North Dakota.

LIGNITE VISION 21 PROJECTS (LV 21):
(LMFS-99-30 through LMFS-02-35 and LMFS-05-37)

LMFS-99-30: "Alternative Lignite Extraction Technologies": Program Funding: $30,000; Objective: To evaluate current state-of-the-art, advanced and alternative technologies for the economic extraction and conversion of lignite to useful energy, power and products.

LMFS-99-31: "Technology Development and Marketing Plan for the Lignite Vision 21 Project": Program Funding: $132,000; Objective: To provide project management and program direction for the Lignite Vision 21 project, and to identify, describe and determine development status of advanced technologies suitable for North Dakota lignite; estimate technical performance and economics; and rank and recommend systems for development and commercialization. LV 21 is an effort to revitalize growth in the lignite industry; increase jobs, business and tax revenues for the state by assisting in the development of additional lignite-based generation in North Dakota.

LMFS-99-32: "Environmental Enhancements to Increased Use of North Dakota Lignite": Program Funding: $50,000; Objective: To identify current and future limitations from existing air quality, emissions and regulations; and to identify and evaluate present and future solutions and enhancements to permit additional lignite use.

LMFS-99-33: "North Dakota Electric Transmission Study": Program Funding: $75,000; Objective: To determine the limitations to bulk electric transmission out of North Dakota, future electric load requirements, evaluate possible enhancements from existing facilities, and possible enhancements for future lignite-based power plants in North Dakota.

LMFS-00-34: "Lignite Vision 21 Project - Phase II Project Marketing and Development": Program Funding: $500,000; Objective: To identify customers and owners of additional electrical generation, provide support services including marketing, engineering, technical, and legal support; develop a Phase III commercialization plan; and provide project coordination and management services for the LV 21 Project. LV 21 is an effort to revitalize growth in the lignite industry; increase jobs, business and tax revenues for the state by assisting in the development of additional lignite-based generation in North Dakota.

LMFS-02-35: "Lignite Vision 21 Program - Phase III": Program Funding: $1,200,000; Objective: To coordinate and assist the LV 21 grant applicants, develop and implement legal, marketing, environmental and transmission strategies. Specific management objectives are to eliminate unnecessary duplication and to maximize value for the State of North Dakota. This Phase III program is a continuation of the previous projects LMFS-99-31 (Phase I) and LMFS-00-34 (Phase II).

LMFS-04-36: "Feasibility of Lignite-Powered Ethanol Plants in North Dakota": Program Funding: $50,000; Objective: Evaluate feasibility of increasing ethanol production using new technology (FBC, Gasification CoGen) to provide lignite energy to an ethanol production plant. Ethanol Study

LMFS-04-37: "Lignite Vision 21 Program - Phase IV Engineering and Permitting of Lignite Vision 21 Projects": Program Funding: $982,000; Objectives: 1) coordinate and assist the LV 21 participants; 2)develop and implement legal, marketing, generation, environmental and transmission strategies; 3) manage the programs in order to eliminate any potential duplication; and 4) maximize value for the State of North Dakota.

LMFS-38: "Proposal to Submit the North Dakota FutureGen Submission": Program Funding: $130,000; Objective: To prepare and submit a proposal to the FutureGen Industrial Alliance, on behalf of the State of North Dakota, to host the FutureGen power plant.

LMFS-39: "Lignite Vision 21 Program - Phase V Environmental Permitting and Transmission Plan Development of Lignite 21 Projects": Program Funding: $851,000; Objective: 1) coordinate and assist the LV21P participants; 2) develop and implement legal, marketing, generation, environmental, and transmission strategies; 3) manage the LV21P projects in order to eliminate any potential duplication; and 4) maximize value for the State of North Dakota. Four studies: A) "A Study of Lignite-Based Advanced Generation technology systems"; B) "Beneficiated Lignite Market Study"; C) "A Study of carbon dioxide Capture Technologies and Costs Associated with Lignite-Based Electrical Generating Stations"; D) "Lignite Gasification Technologies Summary Report"

LMFS-40: "Lignite Marketing Program - Phase VI": Program Funding: $1,312,500; Objective: to improve the public image and promote the use of lignite-based electricity, to build a public support base, to ensure growth and stability of the regional lignite industry and to assist in the development of energy and environmental policies.

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Mailing Address:
Karlene Fine
Industrial Commission
State Capitol 14th Floor
600 E. Boulevard Ave. Dept. 405
Bismarck, ND 58505-0840
Phone: (701)328-3722
Fax: (701)328-2820
E-mail: ndicinfo@nd.gov
Jason Bohrer
Lignite Energy Council
1016 E. Owens
PO Box 2277
Bismarck, ND 58502-2277
Phone: (701)258-7117
Fax: (701)258-2755
E-mail: jasonbohrer@lignite.com

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