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North Dakota Industrial Commission
Lignite Research, Development and Marketing Program
State Capitol, 14th Floor, 600 E Boulevard Ave. Dept. 405
Bismarck, ND 58505-0840
Phone: 701-328-3722 Fax: 701-328-2820
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Lignite Research, Development and Marketing Program

Demonstration Projects:
Two Sentence Summaries
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LRC-XI-41: "Preparation of CCT V Proposal to the U.S. DOE for a Milton R. Young Unit 3 Integrated Gasification Pressurized Fluidized-Bed Demonstration Project": Program Funding: $150,000; Total Project Costs: $970,000. Objective: To prepare and submit a proposal to the U.S. Department of Energy for an integrated gasification pressurized fluidized-bed demonstration project.

LRC-XII-42: "Preparation of a CCT V Proposal to the U.S. DOE for Production of Liquid Transportation Fuels from Lignite": Program Funding: $150,000; Total Project Costs: $355,000. Objective: To prepare and submit a proposal to the U.S. Department of Energy to construct and operate a liquid transportation fuel demonstration plant at the Great Plains Synfuels Plant.

LRC-D-96-2/LRC-D-96-3: "Production of Anhydrous Ammonia from North Dakota Lignite Derived Synthesis Gas": Program Funding: $4,200,000(Investment) $8,100,000(Grant); Total Project Costs: $112,928,729. Objective: To construct a lignite-derived synthesis gas to anhydrous ammonia plant at the Great Plains Synfuels Plant.

FY98-XXVIII-78: "An Application for Funding Assistance for the Capture, Compression and Transportation of Carbon Dioxide derived from the Gasification of North Dakota Lignite for Enhanced Oil Recovery": Program Funding: $6,000,000($4,000,000-Investment; $2,000,000-Grant); Total Project Costs: $110,000,000. Objective: To construct a pipeline and compression facility to compress and transport carbon dioxide from the Great Plains Synfuels plant near Beulah, North Dakota, to the Weyburn oil field near Weyburn, Saskatchewan, Canada. A goal of the project is to capture, use, and sequester 1.93 million tons of carbon dioxide per year. This application was withdrawn.

FY98-XXIX-80: "Construction of a Forced Oxidation Plant for Gypsum Production": Program Funding: $1,300,000; Total Project Costs: $5,200,000. Objective of this clean coal demonstration project: To construct a commercial-scale, first-of-a-kind, lignite-derived flue gas desulfurization (FGD) sludge-to-gypsum plant. Goal of the plant: To convert the FGD sludge at the Coal Creek Station into high-grade gypsum suitable for manufacture of wallboard and use as soil amendment product.

FY98-XXIX-81: "D.F. Schmidt's Rear-Dumping Dragline Bucket": Program Funding: $250,000; Total Project Costs: $1,378,000. Objective: To demonstrate the technical and commercial viability of the rear-dumping dragline bucket. The project involves the design, construction and operation of a prototype bucket with an estimated 60-80 cubic yard capacity. The goals are a 10-15% increase in dumping radius, improved cycle time and productivity, a 5% increase in dumping height, power savings and improved efficiency as compared to a front-dumping bucket. This application was withdrawn.

FY98-XXIX-82: "Riverdale Haulroad Grade Separation - Lignite Ash Demonstration Project": Program Funding: $298,000; Total Project Costs: $1,198,230. Objective: To demonstrate high-volume use of coal combustion byproducts (CCBs) in bridge and roadway construction. The current acceptable practice is to incorporate 15-20% CCBs, while the goal of this project is to demonstrate 30-70% CCB in bridge and roadway construction.

FY98-XXX-84: "Lignite Testing in the High-Temperature Advanced Furnace": Program Funding: $262,510; Total Project Costs: $7,000,000. Objective: To evaluate lignite performance in an advanced design high-temperature furnace. The goal of the advanced design is to increase furnace efficiency by 35% and to reduce SO2 and NOx below current regulatory standards.

FY99-XXXIII-92: "Application for a Grant for Partial Funding of TRI Variable Speed Fluid Drives for Induced Draft Fans at the Leland Olds Station, Basin Electric Power Cooperative": Program Funding: $180,000; Total Project Costs: $384,000. Objective: To retrofit existing direct drive ID fans with variable speed fluid drive and to compare performance of the system before and after conversion in terms of plant efficiency, SO2, NOx and CO2 emissions.

FY01-XL-106: "Lignite Vision 21 Baseload Power Plant Project": Program Funding: $10,000,000; Total Project Costs: $740,897,000. Objective: To evaluate the feasibility and to construct a 500 MW lignite-fired baseload power plant.

FY01-XLI-107: "MDU-Westmoreland Power Plant Project": Program Funding: $10,000,000; Total Project Costs: $740,000,000. Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of constructing a 500 MW lignite-fired baseload power plant near Gascoyne, North Dakota.

FY02-XLIII-109: "Lignite Vision 21 Feasibility Project": Program Funding: $673,250; Total Project Costs: $1,346,500. Objective: To evaluate the construction of a 500 MW power plant and conduct the initial feasibility studies.

FY03-XLIV-123: "Lignite Vision 21 Feasibility Project Phase II - Permitting, Business Development and Engineering": Program Funding: $687,500; Total Project Costs: 1,375,000. Objective: Complete Phase II business, development, transmission, permitting, and design work activities to move the project into the partnering, financing and pre-construction phases.

FY05-LI-132: "Lignite Fuel Enhancement: Dry Process Coal Cleaning": Program Funding: $250,000; Total Project Costs: $1,331,035. Objective: Reduce lignite ash, moisture and other minerals using air and a magnetic separation process.

FY05-LI-133: "Demonstrating ND Lignite's Profitability in Energy Production and Agricultural Processing - Ethanol Plant Production": Program Funding: $350,000; Total Project Costs: $78,570,000. Objective: Demonstrate the use of a lignite-fired Bubbling Bed Combustor to operate an ethanol processing plant.

FY05-LIII-138: "Field Demonstration of Enhanced Sorbent Injection for Mercury Control": Program Funding: $200,000; Total Project Costs: $1,584,260. Objective: Conduct a seven-week full-scale demonstration of mercury capture at the Leland Olds Station.

FY05-LIII-140: "Activated Carbon Production from North Dakota Lignite": Program Funding: $250,000; Total Project Costs: $770,000. Objective: Determine the feasibility to develop a commercial process for activated char (AC) production from lignite.

FY06-LIV-141: "Lignite Coal Test at a Circulating Fluid Bed Facility": Program Funding: $275,000; Total Project Costs: $550,000. Objective: Conduct a 10-day test using a vendor CFBC and high sodium lignite (> 6%) to identify potential agglomeration or steam tube fouling. Identify operational and design parameters to define a full-scale CFBC plant for repowering of an existing pc-fired power plant.

FY06-LV-146: "Lignite Vision 21 Feasibility Project - Phase III": Program Funding: $1,310,443; Total Project Costs: $2,620,866. Objective: This is Phase III of IV for developing a 500 MW lignite-fired power plant and its associated surface mine in western North Dakota.

FY06-LVII-148: "Lignite Vision 21 Project Coal-to-Liquids Plant McLean County, North Dakota": Program Funding: $1,700,000; Total Project Costs: $8,300,000. Objective: Conduct feasibility studies for coal-to-liquid fuels plant located in McLean County, North Dakota.

FY07-LVIII-149: "Spiritwood Energy Power Plant": Program Funding: $2,000,000; Total Project Costs: $157,000,000. Objective: Construct and operate a beneficiated lignite-fired combined heat and power plant near Spiritwood that would provide steam for a new ethanol plant and an expanded malting facility, while producing 35-50 MW of electric power.

FY07-LXI-153: "Phase III - Mercury Control Technologies for Utilities Burning Lignite Coal: Full-Scale Evaluation of Long-Term Balance-of-Plant Effects Resulting from Activated Carbon Injection": Program Funding: $300,000,000; Total Project Costs: $902,604. Objective: EERC proposes to conduct a year long, full-scale test of activated carbon injection upstream of an electrostatic precipitator at SaskPower Poplar River Unit 2 to determine long-term effectiveness for mercury removal and to further evaluate balance of plant impacts.

FY07-LXI-154: "Development of Biomimetic Membranes for Near-Zero PC Power Plant Emissions": Program Funding: $260,000; Total Project Costs: $5,832,241. Objective: Evaluate and demonstrate the ability of a contained liquid membrane permeator to capture CO2 from Blue gas produced during the combustion of lignite.

FY07-LXI-155: "Activated Carbon Production from North Dakota Lignite - Phase IIA": Program Funding: $290,348; Total Project Costs: $858,517. Objective: The project is designed to: 1) establish the technical feasibility of manufacturing high-quality mercury sorbents from North Dakota lignite using a pilot multiple-hearth furnace for producing activated carbons (ACs); and, 2) examine the effectiveness of pretreatment of the produced ACs to generate the enhanced carbons for mercury control in a variety of coal-derived flue gas environments.

FY07-LXI-156: "Impacts of Lignite Properties on Powerspan's NOx Oxidation System": Program Funding: $260,420; Total Project Costs: $610,985. Objective: Demonstrate the Powerspan system's ability to reduce nitrogen oxides and other pollutants from the flue gas of lignite combusted in the Milton R. Young Station Unit 1 boiler.

FY07-LXI-157: "North Dakota Partnership in the Canadian Clean Power Coalition Phase III": Program Funding: $130,000; Total Project Costs: $260,000. Objective: The Canadian Clean Power Coalition is focused on making sure that coal remains a viable option for future power generation needs in Canada. Feasibility work has been completed looking at coal gasification, oxy-combustion and coal beneficiation. This information is applicable to the lignite found in North Dakota.

FY07-LXI-158: "Demonstration of WRI's Pre-Combustion Mercury Removal Process for Lignite-Fired Power Plants": Program Funding: $188,000; Total Project Costs: $595,000. Objective: To develop and demonstrate pre-combustion mercury removal of raw coal by thermal treatment.

FY08-LXII-161: "Lignite Vision 21 Feasibility Project Phase IV - Engineering, Business Development and Design": Program Funding: $7,328,807; Total Project Costs: $28,300,000. Objective: Conduct Pre-FEED (front-end engineering and design) and FEED studies showing the feasibility of constructing a coal gasification project making pipeline quality synthetic natural gas from lignite.

FY08-LXIII-162: "Plains CO2 Reduction Partnership - Phase III": Program Funding: $2,400,000; Total Project Costs: $136,231,052. Objective: Demonstrate technical and economic technologies to store CO2 in geologic formations in the region. One demonstration project will be conducted in western North Dakota and the other demonstration project will be conducted in British Columbia.

FY08-LXV-165: "CO2 Capture Demonstration Project": Program Funding: $2,700,000; Total Project Costs: $5,400,000. Objective: Conduct a Front End Engineering and Design study involving the application of Powerspan's technology to remove 90% of the carbon dioxide from a 120 MW flue gas slipstream of Unit 1 of the Antelope Valley Station.

FY08-LXV-166: "Long-term Assessment of Selective Catalytic Reduction Reactor Slip Stream Performance of Utilities Burning Lignite Coal": Program Funding: $200,000; Total Project Costs: $1,050,000. Objective: Conduct testing of selective catalytic reduction technology to remove nitrogen oxides from the flue gas of SaskPower's Poplar River Station.

FY10-LXVIII-169: "Alstrom Oxy-fired Demonstration Project": Program Funding: $490,000; Total Project Costs: $8,716,523. Objective: Alstrom will use their 5MW pilot facility to examine the impact of oxy-firing on boiler performance with a range of US coals. Funding from the LRC will be used to partially fund testing a ND lignite coal supplied by GRE that has been upgraded using their Dry-fining process.

FY10-LXIX-172: "WRITECoal Gasification/Low Risk Coal IGCC": Program Funding: $549,500; Total Project Costs: $1,970,922. Objective: The project will demonstrate at a 1-2 MW pilot scale WRI’s WRITECoal™ gasification process for IGCC with carbon capture, fuel cell applications, and chemicals production. The information generated will be used to identify engineering and scale up issues and to estimate the cost of WRITECoal™ Gasification process for low rank coal including lignite coal.

FY11-LXXI-176: "Field Evaluation of Novel Approach for Obtaining Metal Emission Data": Program Funding: $235,120; Total Project Cost; $573,000. Objective: is twofold: 1) to evaluate the EERC-developed multi-element sorbent trap (ME-ST) technology at two ND lignite-fired full-scale sites, and 2) to provide metal and halogen emission data at these sites.

FY12-LXXII-178: "Evaluation of CO2 Capture from Existing Coal Fired Plants by Hybrid Sorption Using Solid Sorbent (CACHYSTM)": Program Funding; $350,000; Total Project Costs; $3,690,000. Objective: The project team proposes to develop and demonstrate a hybrid solid sorbent based process to capture CO2 from flue gas using novel process chemistry and contactor conditions. The goal is cost effective CO2 capture and separation technology applicable to lignite based power plants.

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Mailing Address:
Karlene Fine
Industrial Commission
State Capitol 14th Floor
600 E. Boulevard Ave. Dept. 405
Bismarck, ND 58505-0840
Phone: (701)328-3722
Fax: (701)328-2820
E-mail: ndicinfo@nd.gov
Jason Bohrer
Lignite Energy Council
1016 E. Owens
PO Box 2277
Bismarck, ND 58502-2277
Phone: (701)258-7117
Fax: (701)258-2755
E-mail: jasonbohrer@lignite.com

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