Re-education To Teach At Another Level Or In Another Content Area: Bilingual Education or English as a Second Language Endorsement: 67.1-02-03-05
Reeducation for a "bilingual education or English as a second language" endorsement for any certified teacher may be accomplished by presenting at least sixteen semester hours or twenty-four quarter hours of college course work in all of the following areas:
- Foundations. Four semester hours or six quarter hours of college course work including the following:
- Multicultural education, which involves a knowledge of ethnic groups in North Dakota and the United States, different instructional methods to use with different ethnic and language groups.
- Foundations of bilingual education, which involves models of bilingual education; research on the effectiveness, or lack thereof, of bilingual education; history of bilingual education; and significant laws and court decisions affecting language minority students.
- Linguistics. Six semester or nine quarter hours of college course work including the following areas:
- Linguistics, which involves the nature of language, organizational principles of language (phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics), principles of language change, and development of language families.
- Psycholinguistics, which involves first and second language, oral and written acquisition processes, and learning theories.
- Sociolinguistics, which involves basic sociocultural variables in language use and language learning, types of bilingual and multilingual educational situations, and social determinants of dialect and style.
- Methods. Two semester or three quarter hours of college course work including the following:
- Methods of teaching English as a second language to students, which involves an exploration of historical and current instructional approaches in teaching English as second language, from the grammar-translation method to the natural method.
- Methods of teaching bilingual education, which involves an understanding of instructional programs in bilingual education, such as immersion, transitional, early entry, and late entry.
- Assessment. Two semester hours or three quarter hours of college course work from assessment and testing of culturally diverse students which involves a study of culturally appropriate assessment tools and methods of identifying and assessing limited English proficient students.
- Field experience. Two semester or three quarter hours of college course work in field teaching experience with limited English proficient students in a bilingual or English as a second language setting.
Reeducation for the bilingual/ESL endorsement must be completed prior to assignment to teach bilingual/ESL.
History: Effective July 1, 1995; amended effective October 1, 1998.
General Authority: NDCC 15-36-01, 28-32-02
Law Implemented: NDCC 15-36-01