The term "special needs" includes students with disabilities and disadvantaged or at-risk students, including those with limited proficiency in the English language.
Who are Students with Disabilities?
"Individuals with disabilities," as defined by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, are those students with IEPs (Individual Education Plans) who cannot succeed in a regular career-technical education program without special assistance.
Who are Disadvantaged or At-Risk Students?
The term "disadvantaged" means individuals, other than those with handicaps, who have economic or academic disadvantages and who require special services and assistance in order to succeed in career-technical education programs. The term encompasses individuals who are members of economically disadvantaged families, migrants, individuals with limited English proficiency, and individuals who have dropped out from or are identified as potentially dropping out from secondary school.
What is Limited English Proficiency?
"Limited English Proficient" students are those who were not born in the United States or whose native tongue is a language other than English, those coming from environments where a language other than English is dominant, or American Indian students who come from environments where a language other than English has had a significant impact on their level of English proficiency.
What are Special Populations?
"Special Populations" include individuals with disabilities, individuals from economically disadvantaged families (including foster children), individuals preparing for nontraditional fields, single parents (including single pregnant women), displaced homemakers, and individuals with limited English proficiency.
What are Supplementary Services?
The term "supplementary services" means modification of curriculum, equipment, or classroom; supportive personnel; and instructional aids and devices.