There are about 1.75 million beef cattle in North Dakota. That's almost three cattle for every person in the state. Beef cattle are raised in every North Dakota county. One 1,200-pound beef animal produces enough meat to make about 2,100 quarter-pound hamburgers. The average American eats 114 hamburgers a year. A cow is a beef "mother" and bull is a beef "father." A calf is a young male or female beef animal less than one year of age. A heifer is a young female beef animal that hasn't yet given birth to her first calf.
North Dakota Beef Commission
North Dakota Stockmen's Association
I-BAND (Independent Beef Association of North Dakota)
Bison is the scientific name for buffalo. At one time an estimated 70,000,000 bison roamed North America. Unregulated killing of bison led to the many millions of animals being reduced to no more than 1,500 individuals in the mid to late 1800s. Legal protection of bison, the establishment of preserves and individual ranches raising animals have restored the bison to greater than 350,000 animals. Bison are raised primarily for their meat and hides.
North Dakota Buffalo Association
There are a little over 100 licensed dairy herds in North Dakota that produce 400 million gallons of milk annually. In North Dakota, the average dairy cow produces six gallons of milk per day. That's more than 2,130 gallons of milk over the course of a typical year. The state has two facilities that process one or more dairy products. It takes just 48 hours for milk to travel from the farm to a retail outlet/store.
Midwest Dairy Association
There are about 150,000 pigs raised in North Dakota. Each average pig, taken to market by a producer, represents 371 servings of pork. Byproducts from pork are used in a lot of surprising ways. Insulin from pigs is used in the treatment of diabetes. Pig heart valves are used to replace damaged or diseased human heart valves. Skin from hogs is used to treat severe burn victims, just to name a few.
North Dakota Pork Council
There are about 80,000 sheep and lambs raised in North Dakota each year. Sheep have been providing meat and clothing to people for over 10,000 years. Female sheep are called ewes, baby sheep are called lambs, and male sheep are called rams. A group of sheep is called a flock. A one-year old sheep is called a hogget. A two-year old sheep is called a two-tooth. Lambs are ready for market when they weigh somewhere between 90-120 pounds. Lamb as food is an outstanding source of vitamins and minerals, and is one of the easiest to digest. The meat from a grown sheep is called mutton and that from a young sheep is called lamb.
North Dakota Lamb & Wool Producers Association
There are 8 turkey farms in North Dakota that produce more than a million birds annually. Each year, members of the North Dakota Turkey Federation present a live turkey for a Thanksgiving Pardon ceremony at the state capitol building.
Non-Traditional livestock would pertain to animals raised on North Dakota farms that are often considered exotic or animals not commonly found on a typical farm. These might include: horses, elk, goats, alpacas, donkeys, emus, ducks, geese, or other non-domesticated animal.
Non-Traditional Livestock - ND Regulations